Plaque psoriasis is considered as the psoriasis type that occurs quite commonly. In every 9 out of 10 people suffering from psoriasis have plaque psoriasis.
The peak age for occurrence of this psoriasis is between 16-22 years. In females the development of plaque takes place earlier than males. Initially the chronic plaque psoriasis can be managed with topical agents. It is not easy to manage severe cases with topical treatments so systemic agents or phototherapy can effectively improve and even clear the psoriasis.
When the skin cell production s rapid so it forces premature skin cells towards the skin’s surface and develops as thick plaques. Some symptoms of plaque psoriasis include cracking, itching, and pain on the skin. These plaques on skin are silver white in color and the inflamed part underneath is red. When the adjacent skin or clothing rubs against the plaques then it can cause burning sensation.
Environmental and hereditary factors can cause development of plaque psoriasis. The environmental factors include alcoholism, smoking, sunlight exposure and preexisting immune conditions.
Psoriasis of this type may range in severity like from almost asymptomatic to mild to extremely severe. This issue does not go away completely as it is a chronic condition. The duration of flare-ups may sometimes be several weeks and months.
Here we are sharing general basic characteristics of the scaly skin that are present in the common type of psoriasis:
The parts with plaque on the surface of the skin are mostly elevated. The psoriasis plaque parts vary in size and can be from a small amount to much more. The shape of the skin irritation is normally oval but sometimes it can be irregular in shape as well. In some cases the smaller parts forms a large affected part by merging with other spots. This can cause cracking, splitting and bleeding of the skin specific in areas like palms or joints or feet. The area around the plaques sometimes can look like a ring or halo shape.
Actually the fissures in the plaque psoriasis are cracks or splits in the skin. The occurrence of fissures takes place where the skin flexes or bends or like knee or elbow. The skin in this area can usually bleed and is more prone to catching an infection.
The pigment or color of the affected parts is quite prominent with a full red color which is mostly called “salmon-colored.” When the psoriasis occurs on the legs then there is even a blue tint.
Dermatologist can diagnose plaque psoriasis by visual inspection.
Plaque psoriasis treatment
The severity of the condition is very important to know the right type of treatment option for this type of psoriasis. It is easy to manage the mild cases with topical ointments and creams, Scalp psoriasis sufferers can opt for shampoos and oils.
For treating moderate and severe cases proper psoriasis diet as well as exercise guidelines and the use of powerful medications. In these advanced cases the psoriasis treatment includes injections, strong topical medications, phototherapy (light therapy) and systemic (body-wide) treatments.
In the category of topical applications moisturizers to salicylic acid to corticosteroids can be used. Dealing with the stubborn plaques and patches is easy with topical medications.
Topical coal tar preparations are considered best for treating face, scalp, and other parts of the body. The drawback is that it can stain clothing and stink as well. This is why it is best to use it at night and then cover the parts with old socks and clothes. Wash off the coal tar in the morning with coal tar shampoo, leave it for ten minutes and then use a nice smelling shampoo or conditioner to get rid of unpleasant smell.
Plaque psoriasis patients mostly use topical steroid cream. Usually strong topical creams and gels are prescribed to be applied in the day time to reduce the inflammation of the psoriatic lesions. It is easy and safe to use topical steroid cream but systemic effects can occur if used in high potency on really damaged skin.
Topical Calcipotriol cream is anther treatment for plaque psoriasis, which is a vitamin D3 derivative. Another treatment similar to this is known as topical tacalcitol. These works very well for reducing inflammation caused due to plaque psoriasis but the drawback is that can be slightly irritating. Derivatives of Vitamin A include retinoids and Accutane which are used in conjunction with light therapy.
Use of ultraviolet light is considered effective for treating psoriasis and so it is opted commonly, Regular exposure of the affected part to sunlight is the simplest way to treat psoriasis. Over exposure to sunlight can be dangerous as well so consult your doctor for safe use of sunlight therapy. There are other kinds of light therapy as well such as narrow-band UVB therapy, UVB phototherapy and photo chemotherapy. Important thing about these treatment options is that the exposure to ultraviolet light must be done under medical supervision.
There are serious side effects of systemic treatments including potent immunosuppressant drugs this is why these are used for severe cases of plaque psoriasis.
Treat plaque psoriasis through remedies
The sufferers of plaque psoriasis can treat this issue with home remedies to get rid of the irritating symptoms. Epsom salt baths can be helpful in this regard. Water must not be very hot but take bathe with lukewarm water. Apply a moisturizing lotion or cream after bath. Moisturize your body with before going to bed as well. For extra boost of moisture to the skin wrap it in the plastic. Medicated over-the-counter creams containing hydrocortisone or salicylic acid is also another option to get rid of ease and inflammation itching.
Salicylic acid is great for reducing inflammation and scaling of the skin caused in plaque psoriasis. It actually dissolves the buildup of dead skin. It acts as an effective disinfectant and antiseptic, which is helpful for plaque psoriasis skin infected with bacterial or fungal growths. The plaque psoriasis can be aggravated as the skin becomes very itchy due to infection.
Typically three percent salicylic acid is used for treating plaque psoriasis. For preventing skin irritations low-strength salicylic acid must be used. Always make sure about the percentage of salicylic acid in the topical ointments.
By eating healthy diet plaque psoriasis can be treated. Some diets are good for treatment of psoriasis. With slight change in eating habit plaque psoriasis can be treated. However, make these changes in diet for life time. As a lapse can give rise to a sudden as well as severe flare-up of this disease. This habit of eating healthy is not only beneficial for skin but for the whole body.
Eliminate alcohol and caffeine from diet in order to get rid of plaque psoriasis. Allergies causing food items must be avoided too as psoriasis can be aggravated with itching caused by these allergies.
Moisturize the Skin
It is safe and easy to moisturize the skin for treating plaque psoriasis. This moisturizing is quite helpful to get rid of the symptoms of plaque psoriasis. Simply remove the scales gently on the skin and keep it moisturized as well. Body oils and lotions can be used for moisturizing the skin.
Also live a stress free life to stay away from such diseases.