Guttate Psoriasis is a kind of the disease that is different from other forms of psoriasis as it creates isolated lesions on the skin’s surface that appears like teardrops. In case of plaque psoriasis large rashes are formed and one rash covers larger parts. In this type of psoriasis around hundreds of various smaller lesions are formed that act like plaque psoriasis. The color of these lesions is usually red or pink and these have tiny flakes of white skin called scales on the skin’s surface.
This kind of psoriasis like the other kinds of psoriasis can speed up the process that the body uses for dead skin replacement. The lesions in this case are smaller and tend to spread out as individual parts of inflammation. It has the same effect on the skin but it appears like a pox.
Causes of Guttate Psoriasis
This type of psoriasis occurs in the individuals under the age of 30 years and it is not the common type. Usually it manifests suddenly and this happens after it is triggered by some kind of infection. Strep throat is the most common triggering infection. This infection can occur without any presence of any other symptoms but sudden onset of psoriasis can be caused due to this infection.
There are other reasons of sudden occurrence of this type of psoriasis like upper respiratory infection. Some other triggers of psoriasis include stress, tonsillitis, skin injuries and certain medications. These triggers that we have mentioned here are the most common ones that can result in sudden onset of this type of psoriasis.
Guttate psoriasis may also be inherited to the sufferer. There are increased chances of psoriasis in those individuals who have a family history of this disease. In some individuals the genes that they carry can develop psoriasis.
The number of leukocyte antigens BW17, B13, or CW6 is higher in individuals with this condition. Psoriasis is the only medical issue linked with the human leukocyte antigen C gene expression.
Antigens are described as proteins on the surface of viruses, bacteria or material foreign to the body. The immune system of the body recognizes the kind of antigen that is present and to destroy the virus, bacteria, or foreign material makes an antibody.
If there is a streptococcal infection in the body then antibodies are produced to streptolysin-O on the bacterial cell. Individuals who have excess of human leukocyte antigen B13 may not have a tendency to produce enough antibodies to the streptolysin-O, which is possibly linked with the increased rate of guttate psoriasis in such individuals.
An important thing to remember is that as per research in order to have an onset of this type that some genetic predisposition to psoriasis must be present in the individual who contracts it. In any individual an upper respiratory infection or strep throat infection can occur. It is not necessary that every individual will have a sudden outbreak of psoriasis after this infection. Only about 3% of the population is susceptible to this disease called psoriasis.
How to diagnose guttate psoriasis?
Usually this kind of psoriasis manifests after an infection. Mostly when the infection is diagnosed then it makes it easy to diagnose the associated skin issue. The parts where these lesions will appear include the legs, arms and torso. These lesions can appear on the scalp, ears, face and neck in some cases. This type of psoriasis does not appear like acne and it is quite common for these lesions to appear on the body in the hundreds.
A health professional can easily diagnose this kind by looking at the affected parts of the skin, or by examining a skin sample microscopically. When the previous diagnosis of another infection like an upper respiratory infection or strep throat is combined with this examination then it is easy to diagnose this variety of psoriasis.
This type of psoriasis in many cases is treated with a topical ointment in order to relieve the symptoms and also to prevent from any secondary infections present on the skin. Systemic treatment is used for severe cases based on oral medication or an injection. The best thing about this treatment is that it results in quick recovery.
Guttate psoriasis treatment
Topical treatments can be used for treating guttate psoriasis. There are number of natural treatment options available but special blends of essential oils are considered best. Coal tar and over-the-counter dandruff shampoos can also be considered for this purpose. In order to achieve fast recovery, doctor may also prescribe corticosteroids that can be taken via injection or orally. The medication’s injection solely depends on the patient’s needs and the response to this topical medication. Mild topical creams are available over the counter. These are good for keeping the skin moist as well as for preventing any skin irritation. Moisturizers and anti-itch medicines are helpful in this regard. For clearing up the streptococcal infection doctors may also recommend an antibiotic because this is infection is actually the main cause.
If your psoriasis is severe then discuss it with your doctor. For inhibiting the immune system your doctor will prescribe drugs. These include Methotrexate, corticosteroids or cyclosporine.
Spend some time in the sun on regular basis for short duration can be very effective for reducing the severity of guttate psoriasis. There are some useful for reducing inflammation caused due to psoriasis and can hydrate the skin as well. These salts include Kalium Sulphate 6C and Natrium Muriaticum 6c,
Some herbs like cleavers and red clover are also helpful as it has properties like anti-inflammatory and blood-cleansing. One natural remedy is Skin Dr. manufactured by pharmaceutical companies. For treating this type of psoriasis another effective herb is Chamomile. Another option to cure this problem is use of Retinoids. A plant known as pau d’arco and/or Dead Sea salts can also be used.
If you want to try something simple in category of home remedies to get rid of guttate psoriasis then a saltwater soak is excellent. Perfume salts are not good because your skin is already agitated. The ocean saltwater is considered as the best and pure saltwater. This can be stimulated by using the salt mixes in a bathtub that are made for fish tanks. Even plain Epsom salts can be used if these mixes are not available. All you need is to soak in warm saltwater once daily for 20 minutes. It is great for detoxifying the body and for cleaning out the pores.
Another highly recommended home remedy is Vitamin E, as it is good for the skin’s health. Vitamin E can be taken in the form of a capsule form or it can be applied directly in the form of oil. Topical use of aloe vera gel and garlic oil together is also good.
For calming effects on the skin drink chamomile tea.
Another effective home remedy is drinking a cup of bitter gourd juice in which you can add a teaspoon of lime juice. Drink this on an empty stomach daily and for improvements continue it for six months.
You can easily find these natural psoriasis remedies in a local health-food store. These natural psoriasis treatments are offered in different forms like herbal, homeopathic and extract. Also by controlling stress the guttate psoriasis can be effectively controlled.
Diet and Exercise
Regular exercise and healthy diet are considered effective natural treatments for psoriasis. These sufferers must eat lot of fruits and vegetables like garlic, lettuce, parsley and lime. Include grains and nuts as these are beneficial. Avoid processed foods, caffeine, alcoholic beverages and animal fats as these can give rise to inflammation.
Regular exercise can improve health of muscles and tissues as well as strength and can enhance the healing functions of the body. Swimming and cycling are considered as the best forms of exercises and can help fight guttate psoriasis.